Η υφή του πραγματικού κατά την κβαντική θεωρία. (Γνωσιολογικές παρατηρήσεις)
Παπαλεξίου , Κερασένια
Both in the theory of science and in philosophy, the approach of real is fundamental importance. In the theory of science microphysics disagrees with the classic physics as far as the approach or real is concerned. In microphysics empiric data independent from the theory does not exist. The crisis of determinism and the formulation of Heisenberg΄s uncertainty principle will stigmatise the history of philosophy of sciences. Key moment is the formulation of quantum theory, which reversed the setting with regard to the perception of real. If we consider that the philosophy is an inherently source of concern, the reduction of the scientific to the philosophical it fuels this concern. Fundamental points of this reduction with jn the frame of the theory of knowledge approach of quantum theory are the following: (a) We have scientific revolution in the category of causality. Classic deterministic explanation of natural phenomena is abbandoned. (b) There is a certain problematic as for the subject of the contribution of observation in the formation of theory. (c) The formulation of logical relations that conditions two assertions (statements) in quantum theory. (d) The progress that quantum theory made in its effort to explain reality is not included in a philosophy of nature with a united and necessary character. (e) The place of creative thought. The point of view of our essay is based on a dialectic and open-minded view of the real, where each theory finds its own place in the base of logos, the primary element of philosophy.