Ανθρώπινη κλωνοποίηση: Μια κριτική προσέγγιση της προβληματικής
Σβίντζου , Ειρήνη
In the early sixties, the discussion on human reproduction had already risen as a very interesting idea, when books and films, along with serious biological and medical researches, had found in human cloning a favourite issue. In 1996, the birth of Dolly changed the way of our concerning with the subject and in 2004, Dr Zavos΄ claims of having successfully cloned human embryos, really called the attention to the responsibility of all parts related to the matter, one way or another. The paper focuses on human cloning, examining both its therapeutic aspects and its reproductive purposes, from a philosophical point of view. The two main theories that provide the ethical tools for our approach are the deontological and the utilitarian one. They both offer justifications or refutations, of various topics related to the general issue, and it΄s up to us to decide which one will probably fulfill the premises for a general moral principle, suitable to deal with the matter in the 21st century, before everything slithers away beyond our reach.