Ο Διογένης Λαέρτιος στο Βυζάντιο: Ιστορία της Φιλοσοφίας και Φιλοσοφία της Ιστορίας
Αραμπατζής , Γεώργιος
The paper is trying to further elucidate the presence of Diogenes Laertius' Lives of the Philosophers in Byzantium. The Most Ethical Lives of the Philosophers by Anastasios Gordios (1654-1729) proves the vigor and the persistence of the Lives of philosophers' genre in the Greek philosophical tradition up to its Neo-Hellenic period. The preoccupation with this genre does not signify only a reaction to scholasticism, as it is said, but refers to a distinction between systematic philosophy and lived philosophy; the respective uses of Diogenes Laertius by Hegel and Kierkegaard makes the distinction clear. A similar difference between doctrinal philosophy and the way of thinking is present in Laertius' Lives, in the proclaimed aporia about the philosophical category to which the Pyrrhonian school belongs to and, also, in the 9th book where all the individual, un-categorized philosophers are examined. The individualistic trend is evident in the Byzantine philosophers and, if the Laertian distinctions are not clearly mentioned in the Byzantine compilations of the Lives, the study of the use of a Heraclitean phrase by Michael of Ephesos shows that the Byzantines had possible access to Laertius' work besides the Excerpta. The lack of complete historical elucidation about the presence of Laertius in Byzantium is temporarily remedied by considerations belonging to the philosophy of history and thus, finally, a brief effort is made to place the question in the context of philological Byzantinism viewed as cultural form.