Η μαρτυρία του Διόδωρου του Σικελιώτη για τον Δημόκριτο
Δελλής, Ι. Γ.
Our intention in this paper is: I) To find evidences to support our opinion that Diodorus Siculus in 1,8, 1-7 of his Historical Bibliotheque expresses Democritean ideas. The evidences are proved from intellectual comparisons between Diodorian text and Democritean authentical fragments (D-K B68), and they are: 1) The meaning of sociability being in fr. B 164. 2) The idea that man is self-developed, with his reason and experience, without the divine power. We could see the same idea in B 30, B 166 and B 175 fr. 3) The meanings of «ομόνοια» and «αλλήλους βοηθείν» found in Diodorus are also in fragments Β 107a, Β 248 and Β 255. 4) The ideas expressed by Diodorus that the lingual function is con¬vention and the language «θέσει» are also found in fr. Β 26. 5). It is possible that Democritus has applied to every kind of information coming from Diodorus, as we suspect in Β 278. II) We interpreted and proved the functionality of the three terms «χρεία» «λόγος» «ψυχής αγχίνοια». The first of them «χρεία», need, as the experience and use formed afterwards, as a reasonable-sensible practice of solution of vital needs. The «λόγος» as the physical-mental power of reasonable expression of soundings which ascribe the things conventionally. And also the « ψυχής αγχίνοια » as the intellect, and at the same time as the inventive and explicative power.